Things to do in Cappadocia were everything and more, I always dreamed of. In fact, Cappadocia in Turkey is so amazing if someone would ask me to make a list of my TOP 5 travel destinations, the list would definitely be incomplete without Cappadocia.
Cappadocia, this Turkish region, is mostly described as fairy chimney landscape and it is truly impressive. But if you think that fairy chimneys are all what Cappadocia is, you are completely wrong. Cappadocia has numerous attractions, which are worth exploring.
Best experiences and things to do in Cappadocia
1. Exploring the Ihlara Valley
The Ihlara Valley is known as one of the best hiking spots in Turkey and with that one of the best experiences and things to do in Cappadocia. The valley is actually 14 kilometers long canyon and 100 meters deep. You can either start your hike from the Selime village and its monastery or you decide to walk down 350 steps on the other side of the Ihlara Valley. There are also two other, smaller entrances in between – one of them can be reach by car (Bellisirma village / entrance).
The whole canyon is green because of the lovely Melendiz stream, what makes it a nice place to hike.
The Ihlara Valley is best known for its Greek orthodox churches from the Byzantine era. There are 105 of churches all together, but only 16 are open for visitors.
Parking, where the stairs are is payable, but you can also use it as a place for overnight, if you sleep in the car or you are traveling around Turkey /Cappadocia by a camper van. There’s also a toilet and local restaurant available. (38.25368 / 034.30200)
2. A visit to the Derinkuyu underground city
We can find several underground cities in Cappadocia, but two of them are mostly visited; Kaymakli and Derinkuyu. We decided to visit the largest one – Derinkuyu, which has 18 floors (eight are open to the visitors) and which reach 60 meters in depth. Around 20.000 people, including livestock were able to live there.
These kind of underground caves are impressive and due to its construction with airshafts, all the floors got a breeze of fresh air and with that quality of life underground. A visit to the underground is out of this world and we can easily put it among the best experiences and things to do in Cappadocia.
Everything started around 1200 BC and throughout years the Derinkuyu underground city was getting bigger and bigger. Seeing it now, it was completely sufficient and had living quarters, cellar, oil and wine press, water well, kitchen, pastures, cemetery, prison, school and stables.
If you’ll visit Cappadocia as a self-organized travel, we recommend you to visit the undergrounds cities (especially Derinkuyu and Kaymakli) as soon as they open, meaning before the bus groups will take over the place and make everything crowded. For everyone traveling there by a rented car, a parking spot near the Derinkuyu is provided, but it is not free of charge (38.37209 / 034.73428). There’s also a lot of local restaurants and cafes around the place and souvenirs stands.
3. Staying at the cave hotel
Ever since I have heard for the unique cave hotels in Cappadocia, I wanted to stay there once in my lifetime and luckily my dream came true. We spent 3 nights in the amazing Gamirasu cave hotel. (38.54535 / 034.87053)
These kind of hotels are a bit pricy, but for a unique experience it is definitely worth to spend a little bit extra. For me, this was for sure one of the best things to do in Cappadocia.
The Gamirasu cave hotel can be find in the center of Cappadocia, around 10-15 minute drive from the Göreme town. The hotel lies in a small village, where you can observe the traditional daily life of local people and most importantly there are no tourists. The hotel has great views over the village and on the abandoned caves, where not long ago people still lived, but are now for sale.
If you’ll be exploring Cappadocia with a rented car (we definitely recommend you to do so), the Gamirasu cave hotel is ideal – but even you won’t have your own transport, the hotel also offers free shuttle to the sights. You can read more about the Gamirasu cave hotel here.
4. Waiting for the sunset at Ortahisar
Lots of impressive sights around the world have its own sunset point and there’s also one in Cappadocia. (38.65275 / 034.86330)
5. A walk among fairy chimneys
Cappadocia has lots of different kind of attractions, but you just cannot go pass the fairy chimneys. They truly are impressive and the best way to see them is by walking among them. Most of the people stop at the Paşabağ valley, but everywhere are hiking paths you can take. (38.67772 / 034.85482) It is indeed a unique sight and is one of the must experiences and things to do in Cappadocia.
6. A view towards Uçhisar
You can admire Uçhisar on different ways – you can walk around its narrow streets, go up to the castle or you can see it from afar, along the Pigeon valley. (38.61995 / 034.80493).
7. Indulging yourself with the Turkish coffee
Cappadocia offers full of amazing viewing points, so take your time to admire this unique landscape. Grab a Turkish coffee and just enjoy the view. A little bit outside of the Uçhisar are some cafes (very popular as a bus stops, so be prepared for crowds). We stopped at the O Agacin Alti cafe, where I had one of the best coffees in Cappadocia – because of the amazing view. (38.64119 / 034.81735)
8. Getting to know the history in the Göreme Open Air Museum
Göreme is some kind of Cappadocia’s capital and you can also find an open air museum there. You can walk among the cave churches and their frescoes dated from 10th to 12th century. Visiting the museum is one of the must things to do in Cappadocia.
The parking opposite the entrance is payable. (38.64379 / 034.83012)
9. Get a selfie under the blue eyes tree
Best and most recognizable souvenir from Turkey is a blue eye, which will protect you against bad luck and thoughts. That is why you can find them everywhere – in people’s home, jewelry, cars, buses… You can find a really nice tree in Cappadocia, where you can take a selfie with the numerous blue eyes or you can also hang one up. Ever since I saw photos of the tree online, I knew I need to find it – and so did others. It looks like taking a photo underneath is one of the most popular things to do in Cappadocia.
The blue eyes tree can be find at the view point looking towards the Uçhisar and the Pigeon Valley. (38.61995 / 034.80493). We also find one at the cafe mentioned above.
10. Observing hot air balloons at sunrise
One of the most recognizable things to do in Cappadocia are also its hot air balloons at sunrise. Seeing full sky of them at sunrise is really one of the best experiences in Cappadocia and a good reason for getting up early. If you’ll be traveling to Cappadocia with kids, they need to be at least 5 years old to join you in the hot-air balloon.
11. Taking the hot-air balloon ride
The hot-air balloon rides in Cappadocia might not be cheap (120-150 euro/pp), but seeing the landscape from above will definitely not leave you indifferent. We missed this experience this time, but we at least have a good reason to be back.
12. Making your own pottery
Cappadocia is also well known for its pottery, especially the Avanos village. You can find a pottery museum there, lots of shops and you can also try yourself in pottery if you’d like to make your own souvenir.
13. Tasting the local cuisine
If you ask me, tasting local cuisine is always one of the must things to do when traveling. You cannot leave Cappadocia without tasting its own local kebaba called »testi kebab«. This dish is actually made out of meat and vegetables, put into a pot, covered with bread and put on low fire for few hours, to cook slowly.
When you’ll get it served, the waiter will bring you the whole pot, including the bread seal and crash it in front of you to make a show. It goes well with bread or rice – and yes, we loved it.
Things to do in Cappadocia are truly inspiring, unique and magical. If you have not been to Cappadocia yet, you definitely should put it high on your travel bucket list. There’s only one danger about Cappadocia – you might like it so much, you want to come back over and over again – I know we do.
Travel tip: If you’ll be traveling to Cappadocia individualy, we recommend you to rent a car for its exploration. So far, we were always very happy with online providor Economy Car Rentals, which has good prices and services.